A crime happens when somebody breaks the law by an overt act, omission or neglect that can lead to punishment. A person who has breached a law, or has breached a guideline, is stated to have committed a crime.
There are two primary classifications of crime: property criminal activity and violent criminal activity:
Property Crimes: A home crime is committed when somebody damages, destroys or steals another person’s home, such as taking a vehicle or vandalizing a structure. Property criminal activities are without a doubt the most frequently dedicated crime in the United States.
Violent Crimes: A violent criminal offense occurs when somebody harms, attempts to harm, threatens to damage or even conspires to harm another person. Violent crimes are offenses which include force or hazard of force, such as rape, break-in or homicide.
Some criminal activities can be both home criminal offenses and violent at the same time, as an example carjacking someone’s vehicle at gunpoint or robbing a convenience store with a pistol.
Omission Can Be a Crime
But there are also criminal offenses that are neither violent nor include property damage. Running a stop sign is a criminal activity, because it puts the general public in danger, even though no person is hurt and no property is harmed. If the law is not complied with, there could be injury and damage.
Some criminal offenses can include no action at all, but rather not doing something about it. Withholding medication or ignoring somebody who requires healthcare or attention can be thought about a crime. If you know someone who is abusing a child and you do not report it, under some conditions you could be charged with a criminal activity for failing to act.
Federal, State and Regional Laws
Society chooses what is and is not a criminal offense through its system of laws. In the United States, residents normally based on 3 separate systems of laws – federal, state and regional.
Federal Laws: Federal laws are gone by the U.S. Congress – House of Representatives and Senate – that apply to everyone in the United States. In some cases federal laws might contravene state and local laws. When there is a problem, normally the federal law will prevail.
State Laws: State laws are gone by elected lawmakers – likewise known as legislators – and can differ commonly from one state to another. Weapon laws, for example, can be considerably different from one state to another. Although drunk driving is prohibited in all 50 states, the penalties for driving while intoxicated can be extremely various between states.
Regional Laws: Regional laws, generally called regulations, or passed by the local county or city governing bodies – commissions or councils. Local regulations generally regulate how homeowners are anticipated to behave in the community, such as slowing down in school zones and disposing of trash correctly.
Ignorance of the Law
Normally somebody has to have intent to break the law in order to dedicate a criminal offense, but that is not constantly the case. You can be accused of a criminal offense even if you do not even know the law even exists. For instance, you might not know that a city has actually passed an ordinance banning the use of mobile phone while driving, however if you are captured doing it, you can be charged and punished.
The phrase “lack of knowledge of the law is no exception” means that you can be held liable even when you break a law that you didn’t understand existed.